Escort carrier aircraft

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Other modifications were due to the need for a completely enclosed hangar when operating in the North Atlantic and in support of the Arctic convoys. Bairoko ex Portage Bay. In the Battle of the Atlanticescort carriers were used to protect convoys against U-boats. Often additional escort carriers also joined convoys, not as fighting ships, but as transporters, ferrying aircraft from the U. Conversion of existing ships and hulls under construction for other purposes provided additional aircraft carriers until new construction became available.


  • The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy. The Casablanca-class escort carriers are the most numerous class of aircraft carriers ever built.

    Video: Escort carrier aircraft The Real Story Of Why The Navy Hates 'Small' Aircraft Carriers

    Fifty were laid down, launched and commissioned within the. The Avenger-class escort carrier was a class of escort carriers comprising three ships in service Aircraft facilities were a small combined bridge–flight control on the starboard side and above the feet ( m) long wooden flight deck, one.
    On the 25 and the morning of 26 May they were driven off undamaged but one Sea Hurricane failed to pull out of a dive killing the pilot.

    Aircraft transports carried larger numbers of planes by eliminating accommodation for operating personnel and storage of fuel and ammunition. Sunk 25 October The Swordfish crews fared little better. Kaiser Shipbuilding CompanyVancouver, Washington.

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    Nineteen saw commissioned service in the US Navy, four were broken up on the ways at the end of the war, two were accepted from the builders, but never commissioned and the remainder were cancelled before being laid down. However, the lack of protection made escort carriers particularly vulnerable and several were sunk with great loss of life.

    Of the aircraft carriers built in the U. It was quickly found that the escort carriers had better performance than light carriers, which tended to pitch badly in moderate to high seas. The island on these ships was small and cramped, and located well forward of the funnels unlike on a normal-sized carrier where the funnels were integrated into the island. The heavy duty washing machines of the laundry room were also removed since "all a British sailor needs to keep clean is a bucket and a bar of soap" quoted from Warrilow.

    This page was last edited on 27 Octoberat

    Although built on the same C-3 hulls as the earlier auxiliary aircraft carriers, they embodied alterations that the Admiralty had been recommending since before.

    The following article on the escort carrier program is an excerpt from Barrett Tillman's book On Wave and Wing: The Year Quest to Perfect the Aircraft Carrier. The US Navy had studied the escort carrier concept in-termittently as far back as However, antisubmarine warfare in the Atlantic and small aircraft carriers.
    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

    LoOmmaney Bay and Bismarck Sea —were destroyed by kamikazesthe largest ships to meet such a fate.

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    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Some squadrons were composite squadrons for convoy defence and would be equipped with anti-submarine and fighter aircraft, [9] while other squadrons working in a strike carrier role would only be equipped with fighter aircraft.

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    In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Fulmar landed off centre crashed into the safety barrier putting itself and the carrier out of action.

    Among other things the ice cream making machines were removed, since they were considered unnecessary luxuries on ships, which served grog and other alcoholic beverages.

    images escort carrier aircraft
    Escort carrier aircraft
    Several had their original "Bay" names changed to battle names while under construction, and two of them Midway and Coral Sea lost their battle names mid-career to new Midway -class carriers, becoming USS St.

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    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Casablanca class aircraft carriers. Used for captured aircraft transport after Maythen returned to US, sold for mercantile use.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Swordfish crews fared little better.

    DR TIM BENBOW The Royal Navy pioneered the use of air power at sea, from bases ashore and from aircraft carriers, during the First World.

    List of fleet escort aircraft carriers used in naval history, primarily World War 2.

    Fleet escort aircraft carriers used in the fighting of World War 2.
    The Avenger -class escort carrier was a class of escort carriers comprising three ships in service with the Royal Navy during the Second World War and one ship of the class in the United States Navy called the Charger Type of class escort carrier.

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commencement Bay class aircraft carriers. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    The US naval authorities refused to approve construction of the Kaiser-built ships until Kaiser went directly to the President's advisors. This page was last edited on 7 Septemberat Thirty-three of them were ordered but many were cancelled prior to completion.

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    With Vindex damaged and needing a refit and Campania still not commissioned, Nairana was the only ship of her class fit for sea on 1 April Note that many of the lower-numbered carriers were transferred to the Royal Navywhere they received new names.

    Nairana -class escort carrier. Unlike almost all other major classes of ships and patrol boats from World War II, most of which can be found in a museum or port, no escort carrier or American light carrier has survived: Later the same day another two Ju s appeared one was shot down and the other was probably shot down.

    The ships sent to the Royal Navy were slightly modified, partly to suit the traditions of that service. Their finest hour came in the Battle off Samarwhen Taffy 3a task unit composed of six of these ships and their screen of three destroyers and four destroyer escorts gave battle against the Japanese main force.

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    1. The US naval authorities refused to approve construction of the Kaiser-built ships until Kaiser went directly to the President's advisors.